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Dog Poisons

People Food, Plants and Household Items That Can Poison Your Dog


 Dog poisons come in three basic categories that you have to lookout for. The easiest category to ignore, with potentially fatal results, is people food. There are a lot of foods that are fine, and even healthy for humans that can be deadly for dogs. The other two categories that contain dog poisons are plants and household items.


Here is a list.


People Food that are dog poisons

Alcoholic Beverages: Any type of alcohol can be poisonous to your pet and aside from intoxication, can cause a coma or even death.

Apricot Pits, Cherry Pits and Peach Pits:  Can cause respiratory difficulties such as breathing, coughing and sneezing.

Avocados:  Can cause kidney failure and digestive problems

Candy containing the sweetener Xylitol: Can cause liver damage and even death. 

Chocolate:  Although pets should never have any type of chocolate, milk chocolate is not nearly as dangerous for animals as semi-sweet or unsweetened bakers chocolate.  Chocolate poisoning can cause irregular heart rate and rhythm, restlessness, hyperactivity, diarrhea, vomiting, panting, muscle tremors, abdominal pain, bloody urine, increased body temperature, seizures, coma and possibly even death.

Coffee:  Can result in increased breathing and heart rate, restlessness and affects the central nervous system.

Grapes:  Large amounts of grapes can be poisonous to pets and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, abdominal pain, lack of appetite and kidney damage.

Hops:  May cause panting, elevated temperature, increased heart rate, seizures and possibly death.

Macadamia Nuts:  Can cause vomiting, lethargy, hyperthermia, abdominal pain, stiff joints, lameness and tremors.

Moldy Foods:  Can have varied effects on pets including vomiting and diarrhea.

Mushrooms:  Different types of mushrooms can have varied effects on pets such as, depression, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, tearing, hallucinations, defecation, liver failure, seizures, drooling, urination, kidney failure, heart damage, hyperactivity and in some cases, death.

Onions and Onion Powder:  Can cause gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and diarrhea.

Potato Leaves and Stems: Can cause problems with the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.

Raisins: Large amounts of raisins can be poisonous to pets and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, abdominal pain, lack of appetite and kidney damage.

Rhubarb Leaves:  Can cause problems with the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.

Salt:  In large quantities can cause electrolyte imbalances.

Tomato Leaves and Stems:  Can cause problems with the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.

Turkey Skin:  Can cause gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and diarrhea.

Walnuts:  Can cause gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and diarrhea, as well as respiratory issues such as sneezing, breathing and coughing.

Yeast Dough: Can be dangerous as it will expand and result in gas, pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

Plants that are dog poisons

 Ingestion of Cannabis sativa by companion animals can result in depression of the central nervous system and inco-ordination, as well as vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, increased heart rate, and even seizures and coma.

Sago Palm:  All parts of Cycas Revoluta are poisonous, but the seeds or “nuts” contain the largest amount of toxin. The ingestion of just one or two seeds can result in very serious effects, which include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, seizures and liver failure.

Tulip/Narcissus bulbs:  The bulb portions of Tulipa/Narcissus spp. contain toxins that can cause intense gastrointestinal irritation, drooling, loss of appetite, depression of the central nervous system, convulsions and cardiac abnormalities.

Azalea/Rhododendron:  Members of the Rhododendron spp. contain substances known as grayantoxins, which can produce vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, weakness and depression of the central nervous system in animals. Severe azalea poisoning could ultimately lead to coma and death from cardiovascular collapse.

Oleander:  All parts of Nerium oleander are considered to be toxic, as they contain cardiac glycosides that have the potential to cause serious effects—including gastrointestinal tract irritation, abnormal heart function, hypothermia and even death.

Castor Bean and Rosary Pea:  The poisonous principle in Ricinus communis is ricin, a highly toxic protein that can produce severe abdominal pain, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, weakness and loss of appetite. Severe cases of poisoning can result in dehydration, muscle twitching, tremors, seizures, coma and death.

Cyclamen:  Cylamen species contain cyclamine, but the highest concentration of this toxic component is typically located in the root portion of the plant. If consumed, Cylamen can produce significant gastrointestinal irritation, including intense vomiting. Fatalities have also been reported in some cases.

Kalanchoe:  This plant contains components that can produce gastrointestinal irritation, as well as those that are toxic to the heart, and can seriously affect cardiac rhythm and rate.

Yew:  Taxus spp. contains a toxic component known as taxine, which causes central nervous system effects such as trembling, inco-ordination, and difficulty breathing. It can also cause significant gastrointestinal irritation and cardiac failure, which can result in death.

Amaryllis:  Common garden plants popular around Easter, Amaryllis species contain toxins that can cause vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hyper salivation, anorexia and tremors.

Autumn Crocus:  Ingestion of Colchicum autumnale by pets can result in oral irritation, bloody vomiting, diarrhea, shock, multi-organ damage and bone marrow suppression.

Chrysanthemum:  These popular blooms are part of the Compositae family, which contain pyrethrins that may produce gastrointestinal upset, including drooling, vomiting and diarrhea, if eaten. In certain cases depression and loss of coordination may also develop if enough of any part of the plant is consumed.

Dieffenbachia, Elephant Ear:  Intense burning of the mouth and tongue. Death can occur if the tongue swells enough to block the air passage of the throat.

English Ivy:  Also called branching ivy, glacier ivy, needlepoint ivy, sweetheart ivy and California ivy, Hedera helix contains triterpenoid saponins that, should pets ingest, can result in vomiting, abdominal pain, hyper salivation and diarrhea.

Foxglove and Bleeding Heart:  May be poisonous in large quantities.

Larkspur:  Digestive upset, excitement and depression may occur. May be fatal.

Lily Of The Valley and Star Of Bethlehem:  Vomiting and nervous excitement

Peace Lily (AKA Mauna Loa Peace Lily):  Spathiphyllum contains calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing and intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue in pets who ingest it.

Pothos:  Pothos (both Scindapsus and Epipremnum) belongs to the Araceae family. If chewed or ingested, this popular household plant can cause significant mechanical irritation and swelling of the oral tissues and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

Schefflera:  Schefflera and Brassaia actinophylla contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing and intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue in pets who ingest it.

 Household Items that are dog poisons

Any household item that have a warning on the label that says "keep out of the reach of children" should be kept out of the reach of your dog. The most common of these are:

Antifreeze:  Can be fatal. The sweet smell attracts many dogs who lap up the pungent liquid.

Ice Melt:  Can cause skin irritation, seizures, and may be fatal.

Laundry Detergents, Fabric Softeners:  Can cause digestive problems, irritation of the tongue and mouth. May be fatal.

Mouse and Ant Poisons: May be fatal.

Tylenol, Aspirin, or any other pain medication for humans should not be given to dogs. In some cases it may be fatal.

Table scraps that exclude those foods on the "People Food" list above, may be given to your dog in moderation, but should not be more than ten percent of your dog's diet.

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