A Short History And The Different Kinds Of
The first dog taxation or
licensing laws came into being in Europe. Schweinfurt, Germany is on record with laws regarding the licensing and
disposition of dogs in 1598. Amsterdam, Holland was collecting dog taxes and issuing dog collars in 1797, with the
proceeds benefiting orphans and widows. Most European countries are known to have issued dog collars and
collected dog taxes in the 1800s.
A dog collar is a piece of
material, usually leather, chain, nylon or other fabric, that is put around the neck of a dog for control and
identification. It usually has a metal ring for attaching dog licenses, owner's information, medical information,
and a place to attach a leash or other restraint.
Types of dog
Buckle collars, also called flat
collars, are usually nylon or leather with a buckle similar to a belt buckle or a quick-release buckle. The collar
should be fitted to be loose enough so that it can easily move around the dog's neck but tight enough so that it
doesn't come off without unbuckling it. There is usually a metal ring for attaching identification tags, dog
licenses and a leash.
A Stud collar is a buckle collar
but is fitted with sharp points and metal studs that prevent another animal from biting the dog's neck. While such
a collar may appear brutal, it is actually the best collar for a milder mannered or older animal interacting with
its more aggressive fellows.
Slip collars, also called choke
collars, are made from either chain or nylon. They have a metal ring on both ends. The chain or nylon is put
through one ring to make a loop. The loop is put over the dog's head so that it is around the dog's neck. When ring
on the loose end is pulled, the noose tightens around the dog's neck, hence the name choke collar. The collar is
not intended to choke the dog. It is a very effective training collar when used correctly.
Martingale collars, sometimes
called greyhound collars, are somewhat like a slip collar, but are wider. They consist of a longer section usually
made of leather, chain, or nylon, joined through metal rings by a circle of chain, leather or nylon to which the
leash is fastened; pulling on the leash tightens the collar, but because of its width, it prevents the chain from
tangling in a dog's coat and prevents the collar from being pulled tightly enough to cut off the dog's airway. It
also spreads pressure on the dog's neck over a larger area so are less uncomfortable for a dog than a slip collar
when they are tightened. They are the type of collar most often used with greyhounds.
Prong Collars, also called pinch
collars are made out of metal and consist of removable sections. Each section is made so that when the collar is
tightened by pulling in the leash, it pinches the dog's neck. It is supposed to simulate the mother dog correcting
the young dog for bad behavior. It is used specifically for training or controlling unruly dogs.
Flea collars are impregnated with
chemicals that repel fleas. They are usually worn in addition to a conventional collar. There are some dogs that
are allergic to the chemicals impregnated into the collar.
An Elizabethan collar, shaped like
a truncated cone, is worn by a pet, usually a cat or dog, to prevent it from scratching a wound on its head or neck
or licking a wound or infection on its body. It is usually prescribed by a veterinarian.
For a great selection of all
kinds of dog collars and leashes, go to: Dog
A trained dog is a happy dog and has a happy
For information on dog training,
go to: Dog Training.